The development of open-cellular metal foams is done in a co-operation via the bundling of the expertise of the Fraunhofer institutes IKTS and IFAM. In a powder metallurgy molding process first a PU sponge is coated in a suspension. The substrate then is removed again by a thermal treatment and the remaining structure is finally sintered.
The cell-width of the foams can be adjusted by the choice of suitable starting materials from 0,3 to 5 mm, the relative density is adjustable in a range between 9 and 30%. Due to this high variability of the structure the functional characteristics are purposefully adjustable such as firmness, sound absorption, flowing through barness and heat transfer. A further substantial advantage of the procedure is in the particularly good homogeneity of the structure, remaining the same characteristics within wide ranges guaranteed.